Difference Between Tubeless & Tube Tyres | Tubeless Tyre Advantages
By Editor News ( May 12, 2019 )Imagine you have set out on the first road trip with your besties, and after driving for a short distance you experience the most unwelcoming event- one of your car tyres suddenly goes flat. In such a situation, somehow, you gain the balance of the automobile and steer it at the edge of the road. You reach out for the stepney and commence the tyre refitting procedure.
Though there is nothing unusual in these activities, a question can strike your mind why did the tyre go flat in spite of conducting a thorough check of the vehicle before embarking on the journey. To answer this query let us throw some light on the root cause of flattening of radials. It is highly probable that you have invested on a traditional tube tyre where the air inside the inner tube can escape suddenly when it gets pricked by a nail. Now, another question arrives, ‘is there any way of getting rid of these untimely and unsafe punctures?’ Of course, there is. Ditch the old tube tyres, and embrace the advanced puncture resistant tubeless radials putting an end to all the unnecessary hassles during road trips. Continue reading to know more about the differences between tube and tubeless tyres, and the advantages of installing the latter in your vehicles.
What is Tube Tyre?
A tube tyre is a traditional form of radial where the inner tube having a valve remains inside the casing. This air-filled tube should fit perfectly on the carcass. The function of the air-filled duct is to act as a cushion and reduce the bumpy effect of rough road surfaces. Additionally, it supports the weight of the automobile and maintains its stability. However, tube tyres started facing mechanical issues. When the inner tube is larger in circumference, it gets folded inside the tyre; thus its life becomes short. On the other hand, if the inner tube is short, it can lead to overstretching and tearing of radials.
Main areas of concern in tube tyres include-
- Obtaining the perfect size of tubes.
- Increased heat production due to friction between tyre and tube.
- Sudden loss of air during puncture.
- Exposure of inner tube when the tyre gets damaged.
To counteract these issues reputed tyre companies including Goodrich and Goodyear went ahead with research and development to improve the efficiency of pneumatic tyres.
What is a Tubeless Tyre?
Continuous efforts of scientists and tyre experts throughout the world led to the development of tubeless tyres having an integral inner tube- ‘inner liner’ permanently fixed to the rim.
How does Tubeless Tyre work?
These radials have continuous ribs which remain moulded into the bead of the tyre, so the air pressure seals it everlastingly with the flanges of the metal rim. Since the tubeless tyres are incredibly compact in terms of carcass and rubber composition only a small amount of air can escape through the pores created while it gets pricked by nails or glass edges. They are lighter than the tube tyres, can drive a short distance even at low pressure, release air gradually during puncture, and are resistant to wear and tear.
Best Tubeless Tyres for your vehicle
These days many premium tubeless tyres for bikesand cars flood the market including MRF, CEAT, Bridgestone, Michelin, Goodyear, Apollo, Hankook, and Yokohama. Though the tube tyre price is lower than the tubeless tyres, auto-owners prefer the latter for their superior performance and safety on roads. The tubeless bike tyre price starts from Rs 1050 for MRF ZAPPER FS which fits perfectly in Honda CB Twister, Suzuki Hayate, and Yamaha Jupiter. Prices of tubeless car tyres are slightly on the upper side and available at Rs 1550 for MRF ZEC which remains compatible with Tata Nano. Best tubeless tyres for bikes include Metzeler, Michelin, Pirelli, MRF, and CEAT; whereas, the top brands of best tubeless car tyres in India are Bridgestone, Goodyear, Apollo, Michelin, and Yokohama.
Difference between Tube and Tubeless Tyres
Detailed below are the significant difference between tube and tubeless tyre.
Tubeless tyres do not have any tube, and the air gets directly filled in the tyre itself. Here the casing fits compactly against the hump of the wheel rim without any requirement for rim tape. The valve remains placed on the wheel and contains a special rubber seal. The structure (carcass and rubber composition) of tubeless tyres is extremely compact that only a minute quantity of air can escape when it gets pricked by external objects. The side rims also get reinforced for enhanced efficiency and service life.
As the name indicates tube tyres have an air-filled inner tube inside the carcass forming a cushion between the rim and the tyre. This integral air tube keeps the tyre inflated and helps in offering smooth drive over rough terrain. The structure of the tube is much thinner than the casing itself. The tube tyres are again of two tyres- radial and bias. In radial tyres, the sidewalls function independently without depending on the crown. In bias tyres, the sidewalls and crown are interdependent and tends to get over-heated quickly while driving.
Weight of Tyres
When we compare the weight of tubeless vs tube tyre, the former is lighter as it does not contain any air tube. The low weight improves the handling of the vehicle and boosts the confidence of drivers. Tube tyre, on the other hand, is heavier due to the presence of an extra air tube between the wheel and tyre.
Since the tubeless tyre weighs less than the tube tyres, they are more fuel efficient. It saves money on your fuel bill by increasing the mileage of the vehicle.
The most striking difference between tubeless and tube tyres is in their mode of handling a puncture. When a tubeless tyre meets with a nail or any other sharp objects even at high speed the air escape gradually through the small hole created by the foreign particle. There is a rare chance of the driver losing control of the vehicle due to puncture in tubeless tyres. Moreover, this type of tyres can run for about 30 to 50 kilometres at slow speed even after getting pricked by nails as the tyre does not flatten. However, riding for long distance in this condition is not recommended as it can lead to tread damage, which can even transfer to the rim.
There is a higher chance of deflation of tyres when the tube radials meet with a puncture. Here the air escapes instantaneously especially when the automobile gets driven at high speed leading to disbalance of the vehicle. There are possibilities of the tube and the tyre bursting after getting punctured compromising with the safety of the automobile. Moreover, in such a condition the driver cannot ride the car any longer and should immediately fix the puncture.
Puncture Repair Process
The puncture repair process of tubeless tyre vs tube tyre is another area where they differ significantly. The procedure is comparatively easy in tubeless radials, and the mechanics can fix it even without removing the wheel from the vehicle. It takes less time, and you can set it conveniently with the application of the puncture seal. Contrary, in tube tyres, the puncture repair is a tedious and time-consuming process. Here, the mechanics removes the radials from the vehicle and take a longer time to fix the puncture.
Cost of tyres
It is one area where the tube tyre scores more than the tubeless one. The MRP is less in tube one and available for a wide range of vehicles. The initial procurement cost of tubeless tyres is more; however, since it has prolonged tread life and are resistant to wear and tear, auto owners do not need to bother about changing them for long periods.
Advantages of Tubeless Tyres
As already stated, tubeless radials are an advanced type of tyres incorporating the latest technology. Here are the advantages of tubeless tyres.
Resistant to Punctures
You can fill tubeless tyres with liquid sealants making it resistant to punctures or get flattened. Whenever there is a leak in the tyres, this sealant oozes out and seals the hole made by the pricking of sharp objects like nails or glass edges. It dries up instantly and enables your vehicle to run without any interruptions. With the use of liquid sealant, you may not even come to know about small punctures or tears.
Ability to Run at Reduced Pressure
Tubeless tyres have the capability of travelling a certain distance even with low pressure. The air pressure inside the tyre varies, and it can fall below the standard level when not checked frequently. Reduced pressure in radials make them prone to puncture, but the advantage of the tubeless tyre is, it can run for 30 to 50 kilometres even with an injury.
Tubeless Tyres are Lightweight
The absence of air tube makes tubeless tyres much lighter than tube tyres. This unique design gets quantified in vehicles’ mileage, as the automobile consumes less fuel to drive the lightweight radials.
No Unnecessary Friction
In tubeless tyres, there is no chance of the tube rubbing against the casing of tyres and producing unnecessary friction and heat, especially while driving at high speeds. It also eliminates the danger of tube explosion and tyre burst which can render the vehicle unstable.
Enhanced Safety during Puncture
At the unlikely event of a puncture, air escapes very slowly only from the hole created by sharp objects in tubeless tyres. It aids in maintaining the air pressure for an extended duration even after getting pricked by nails. It helps drivers to safely park vehicles at the edge of the streets and attend to punctures.
Tubeless Tyre Puncture Repair
In spite of being resistant to getting pricked or injured due to sharp objects, there are some chances of tubeless tyre puncture while driving. However, the good news is motorcycles, and car tubeless tyre puncture repair is comparatively easy, and drivers can even learn the skills of fixing it themselves. You do not also require to remove the tyre for repairing it.
Tubeless tyre puncture kit contains puncture seals, a tube containing rubber cement, an inserting tool, smoothening tool, and a sharp blade. In some advanced tubeless tyre puncture repair kit for bikes and cars, you can also get compressed air canisters and valve adapter.
Tubeless Tyre Puncture Repair Procedure
The first step of repairing a puncture is to locate the spot of leakage. Look for the presence of nails, screw, sharp stone, or glass shards. Remove all the foreign objects which might have ruptured your radial with a plier. After this, insert the smoothening tool of your kit into the puncture spot so that it would be easy to introduce the puncture repair strip into it. Now add a puncture seal with the inserting tool in the same way of threading a needle. Apply the rubber cement at the centre of the seal strip. Use the sharp blade to cut off extra seal strip hanging out of the radial. Finally, inflate the tyre, and it is ready for the remaining journey. Always remember, puncture repair of tubeless tyres should remain restricted to its thread. Never try to fix any puncture on the sidewall.
Buy Tubeless Tyres Online in India
Finally, it would be right to state that tubeless tyres are convenient and technologically advanced radials. They offer excellent dry and wet grip on roads, have prolonged tread life, incur less maintenance cost, and provide precise handling of vehicles. Buy tubeless tyres online in India from authorised dealers or reputed tyre portals like TyreCafe to avail the best price of these products and gain attractive discounts.